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Temples of Deori Tribe

Tameswri Temple in Lohit District.

Tamreswari temple is a notable ruin in the Lohit District situated on the right bank of a small stream named dewupani 8 miles east of Sunpura. It is said that the worship was of Yoni, or of the Linga of Siva in conjunction with Yoni and that human sacrifice were made. The interior 8 feet square walls 4 feet thick, except from front recesses on each side of the door which was formed by 3 entire blocks of stone of massive size. The lintel being a roughly squared block 12’x2’, 3x16’ walls quite plain inside and out except lintel and sides of door way. The roof was said to be covered with sheets of beaten copper. The two Lingas were in the middle of a large stone inside. Near the west wall there is a small stone tripod of human sacrifices which was believed to be performed by the Pathrogoyans of the Deori tribe. The three Pala Kings whose inscription are available – Ratanpala was Saivite, Indra Pala a join worshipper of Siva and Parvati and Dharmapala was Vaisnative. It is said that after the fall of Pala dynasty certain potentiates called Bara Bhuyas came to power for sometimes in that region. They were worshipper of the Devil and there is mention of the existence of the dreadful goddess at Sadiya and the people who brought this goddess to awful prominence were the Deoris a Mongolian tribe who were reigning at Sadiya at the beginning of the thirteen century. She was enshrined in a copper temple and called Tamreswari Devi (Tam means copper) the goddess of the copper temple.  This Goddess was popularly referred to as Kicai Khati (Eater of the raw flesh) because of the annual human sacrifice. The temple officers were the priests called Deoris.


The word Tamra also occurs in the name of the magic book called Tamraksari, said to have been in possession of the Bara-Bhuyas of North Lakhimpur who were Saktas. It is said to have contained all kinds of magic formulas for the propitiation of the goddess Tamreswari.

 

It is said that form primitive age Deoris were local priest of the copper temple. The Chutiya  occupied the Deori land and various forms of Kali, since they were Saktas they cannot perform the prist task so they entitled Deori priest to perform the Human Sacrificed to the culprits or the slaves. During the reign of King Gaurinath Sinha (1780 to 1795) of Ahom Kigdom, he discontinued the horrified human sacrifice. And Ahoms freed the Deoris from the Chutiyas kingdom and set the liberty to establish own regime and since then Deori were permitted to continue their ghastly rites.

 

Temple of Gira Grichi

This temple is situated close on the left bank of the Dikrung river and to look for other remains which were said to exist in the Doab or trace of country lyingn between eh river and the Debong, connected according to the traditions of the people with the Rajah Bishmak before mentioned and his capital of Kundilpur.
The temple of worship is about 10 miles distant form Sadhya abd the left bank of the river Deopanee. The altar is a hexagon, each face measuring about 8 feet inside. The architecture wuit plain, the wall of two feet thick, showing on the outside from the foundation 5 rows of sandstone blocks varying from10 – 8 inched thick, the masonry bound together with iron clamps. The inner side of the wall is brick and on the top is a coping of brick without line, which last looks like a comparatively modern addition. The whole space inside has been paved with rough flags of sandstone and in the centre, place north and south, is a large slab shaped like a gravestone, containing the Linga as represented in the rough ground plan.   

 

Facts of Deori


The Bor Deori is the most respected person in the village

Patorganya – undisclosed missing among Four Groups

Only the people of Dibongiya class can speak their own mother tongue

In 14th century A D. The Deoris were royal priests of The Chutiyas Kingdom

The Deoris are believed to have come to Sadiya before the first century

The Deori people believe in `Kundimama` which is the supreme power.

The Second Marriage in Deori Tribe is called "Suje Luguba"

The Deori Tribe of Assam came to India via Tibet and Burma

Each village of Deori people features a place of worship called ‘Deo-ghar'

The Deoris are divided into 24 clans.

The Deoris proudly introduce themselves as Jimo-Chhayan, meaning they are the children of the sun and the moon

Deori's use to make a Narbali (human sacrifice) in terms to win the war, battle and to prevent the villagers from the evil atmosphere like floods, drought etc. This practice make them pure owing to satisfy the supreme Goddess. Only the class of Patorganya people were eligible for sacrificing.

The Deoris women have no tradition to put sindur in their forehead as a mark of married women.

Deoris belonging to the Tengaponia sub clan do not take mutton or flesh of goat as it is forbidden according a legend clan.

The term "Deori" appears to be a later coinage derived from "Deva" which means a God.

Deori is a plain tribe of Assam, the worshipper of Kundimama (Kundi - Siva, Mama - Parvati)from ancient time maintaining their own custom and tradition.

According to 2001 census the total revenue villages of Deori in Assam are 133 and their population are 2,45,000.